Designing a Clustering and Prediction-based Protocol for Target Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)

Vahid Hosseini, Abolfazl Toroghi Haghighat, Farshad Eshghi Esfahani

Abstract


Target tracking is one of the applications of wireless sensor network which is set up in the areas of field surveillance, habitat monitoring, and intruder tracking. Energy saving is one of the main challenges in target tracking sensor networks. In this paper, we present a Clustering and Prediction-Based Protocol (CPBP) for Target Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Also, the Base Station (BS) was exploited as a cluster formation manager and target movement predictor. Our protocol uses two parameters, distance and energy, for clustering algorithm. For evaluation, the proposed protocol was compared to a number of protocols in terms of network lifetime, number of transmitted packets and number of target miss during network lifetime. Performance of the proposed protocol was compared with cluster size 5 and 7. The simulation results represented desirable performance of the presented protocol.

Keywords


Wireless Sensor Networks; Target Tracking; Base Station; Prediction; Clustering

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