Citizens’ Readiness for Remote Electronic Voting in Tanzania

Sylvester Kimbi, Irina Zlotnikova


Remote electronic voting through Internet or mobile phones can potentially increase citizens` electoral participation in countries with low voter turnout such as those in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper measures citizen’s readiness for remote electronic voting in Tanzania. Factors influencing citizens’ readiness were identified. These factors were further analyzed using SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis.Primary data were collected from eligible voters using questionnaires. Using descriptive statistics and Chi-square, we determined socio-demographic and technical factors impacting voters` perception of remote electronic voting versus the current paper ballot system. The results indicate that the majority of Tanzanians prefer remote electronic voting as an alternative to the existing voting system. However, they have concerns related to security, privacy and reliability of this new technology. We conclude that remote electronic voting entails a promising opportunity to increase voter participation in Tanzania; however the “right” enabling environment should be created to ensure its successful implementation and sustainability.


Remote Electronic Voting; Electronic Government; Voter Turnout; Voter Participation; Security; Reliability; Enabling Environment; Information and Communication Technology; SWOT Analysis

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